By Chahak Hurmade
BRICS CCI content writers

 

Everything from the emergence of new learning styles and mounting financial and sustainability pressures are impacting the education landscape. The most important challenge involves a shift in the way students consume higher education. Students receive credit in multiple ways ranging from college, dual-degree programs, online providers and multiple universities. Students are embracing online courses and undermining core curricula, which serve as a cash cow, by turning to alternate providers. The common denominator amidst all this change is the students. In the coming years, long-standing models of higher education that prefer tradition and stability will be supplemented, if

not displaced, by new models that embrace organizational innovation, responsivity, and adaptation. The way education is imparted at present will change drastically in the coming years.The demand for higher education an the magnitude of planned reforms since its introduction in the year 1948 when the government of India appointed university education commission under the chairmanship of Dr. Radhakrishnan, the commission made several recommendations considering various aspects of the higher education need among Indians. Since the 80s, higher education has drastically evolved in India pertaining to the increase in the number of universities, colleges, and centers for open learning. There are over 700 universities and 340000 colleges that have sprawled up in India over the past few years, which include recognized and well-performing private universities. The importance of primary education too holds an important stake when it comes to

providing higher education that is feasible and accessible to all.

According to the All India Survey on Higher Education 2018-19, south India has a higher per capita proportion of colleges compared to the rest of the country. While private unaided colleges account for about 65% of the total number of colleges, they account for less than half the number of students. Government colleges with a total of 22% account for 33.6% of students. The gender gap or the gender parity index (GPI) has shown significant improvement wherein, women students have been able to perform exceptionally well in academics. The overall structure and method of teaching

has achieved great heights with institutes like IITs, IIMs, and B-schools, imparting competitive higher education to millions of college pass-outs each year. But all these advancements come at a high cost and this cost has to be paid by the common people.

The issue of lack of access to quality higher education in rural areas, increases in private institutions which are not cost effective, self-aggrandisement by the rich and the decrease in agricultural land due to the movement of rural poor to becoming urban poor has its implications at present times. The need of the hour is to subsidise higher education in India in lieu of making it accessible to the common gentry which is a task for the government, in order to cater to the needs of the citizens and specially the youth. Population plays an important role and in a country like India where it is reported that there will be 140 million young college goers before 2030. And thus, the country should pursue massive structural and systematic changes to produce better results in the field of higher education and distance learning, specifically.

Operational autonomy, flexibility in norms for setting up of private institutions, modifying and implementations of the education bill, and access to global curriculum design framework are a few steps which will not only encourage the private players but also promote the cause of higher education in India to a whole new level. With the global shift towards technological advancements in the field of education from smart learning, the concept of ‘knowing beyond the books’ has taken a front seat in this particular arena. With the introduction of homeschooling and internet education, the employability of the youth also is an important beneficiary with new and advanced modes of education globally. The employment generation schemes have to be in consonance with the quality

higher education as it is a vital component to achieve expansion and increased access to the discipline and therefore, the future of higher education depends on innovation.