Every country in the world displays some diversity, but South Africa, stretching from the hippos in the Limpopo River to the penguins waddling on the Cape, takes some beating. It befits its position at the southern end of the world’s most epic continent, with more types of terrain than photographers can shake their zoom lens at. There’s the deserted Kalahari, Namakwa’s springtime symphony of wildflowers, iconic Table Mountain and Cape Point, Kruger National Park’s wildlife-stalked savannah and, running through the east of the country and into Lesotho, the Drakensberg. KwaZulu Natal’s iSimangaliso Wetland Park alone has five distinct ecosystems, attracting both zebras and dolphins.
President: Cyril Ramaphosa
Area: 1,219,912 km²
Capital: Pretoria, Cape Town, Bloemfontein
Population: 60,229,378 ( Sunday, September 26, 2021, based on Worldometer elaboration of the latest United Nations data.)
Government Type: Constitutional republic, Parliamentary republic
Official Language: Afrikaans , English , Zulu , Xhosa , Swati , Tswana , Sotho , Tsonga , Northern Sotho , Venda , Southern Ndebele languag
Currency: South African Rand